Solutions

Native Plant Restorations
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Native plants are the foundation of the wildlife food web and ecosystem services that support all life.  Based on your unique goals, eco-region, land use, and site characteristics such as hydrology, soil, topography, and solar exposure, Oiko can assess existing native plant communities and develop a plan for their preservation or restoration in a variety of habitats.  

Green Infrastructure
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Urban sprawl, impervious surface coverage, and changing land use has altered natural hydrology and the soil’s ability to effectively absorb stormwater.  This increased runoff contributes to flooding and erosion that can cause economic impacts and excessive nutrient loading in waterways by pollutants and sedimentation.  Enhancing greenspace on your property to slow down, divert, capture, and filter stormwater can not only limit these issues but recharge underground aquifers, store carbon, reduce urban heat island effect, and provide unique wildlife habitat.  Whether it's a rain garden, vegetative swale, streambank stabilization, or full scale floodplain restoration project, contact Oiko to see how we can help you protect clean water. 

Invasive Plant Management
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It’s the long game with invasive plants.  Their human caused introductions, changing land use, and environmental conditions have given these plant species hundreds of years to spread far and wide with no biological controls outside of their original, native range.  With a holistic approach, Oiko offers integrated, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly restoration services to preserve the native plant communities, wildlife, aesthetic, and function of your land.  

Prescribed Fire
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Coming soon!  Contact Oiko for more info on the benefits of prescribed fire. 

Photo Credit: Stuart Orr / The Nature Conservancy Indiana

The Problem

Ecologists have determined that 3-5% of original habitat has been left undisturbed for native flora and fauna (Rosenzweig 2003).  In other words, since European settlement, we have taken or altered 95-97% of land in the lower 48 states through means of urban development, logging, and agriculture.  This includes the 40-50 million acres of sterile, suburban lawn (NASA 2005) decorated with non-native, invasive plant species that have been introduced by commercial interests and the idea that we can control a perfect landscape to showcase an archaic trophy of class and status.  Drastic land use changes, fragmented habitats, and the widespread invasion of non-native plant species has led to declining biodiversity, ecosystem functions, and ecosystem services that support the environment, economy, and public health.  The good news is that the preservation and restoration of native plant communities on our private properties can help fix all of this.   
Approximately 60 percent of land in the United States is privately owned (US Census Bureau 1991). 
 
Our yards could be the forefront of the conservation movement and Oiko hopes to inspire and help build a future where this is true.